Sydney is the capital of New South Wales, Australia. It is Australia's oldest and largest city with a population of around 4 million. Sydney is built around a huge harbour and hosts many tourist attractions as well as a number of beaches, bays and a couple of national parks.
Sydney was first visited by the British in 1770 when Captain James Cook and Joseph Banks sailed the HMS Endeavour into Botany Bay. The First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay in 1788 under the command of Governor Arthur Phillip.
Sydney has many influences upon its style. Aboriginal sites and engravings can still be seen from the original occupiers, the Eora tribe. The city also has an Anglo-Mediterranean style and a growing Chinese and Asian influence.
The city is divided into north and south by the Sydney Harbour, with both the iconic Sydney Harbour Bridge and the tunnels connecting them. Most tourist attractions are in the southern part of the city, with a large business and residential area in the north.
The southern part of the city consists of The Rocks and Circular Quay to the north, with the Central Station marking the south. Darling Harbour marks the west with a number of parks to the east.
Sydney offers a range of tourist attractions from the world famous Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge to the sandy shores of Bondi Beach.